Common Skin Conditions and Their Treatment

Skin is the largest organ of the human body. Skin is responsible for covering and protecting our bodies. 

Anything that clogs, inflames, or irritate your skin causes redness, burning, swelling, and itching. Likewise, allergies irritate your genetic makeup. Certain immune system problems and diseases can cause hives, rashes, and various skin conditions. Their aggravation can also affect appearance.

In this article, we are going to discuss some common skin conditions and their treatments.

Here are Common Skin Conditions and Their Treatments

1.      Acne

Below the surface of the skin, over most of our body, tiny sebaceous glands are present that produce an oily substance known as sebum. When it starts to produce extra sebum, it causes the growth of bacteria. White blood cells attack those bacteria that cause acne and inflammation as its consequences.

Acne commonly appears on the face, neck, shoulder, chest, and upper back.

Treatment

Treatment depends on its severity and persistence. Treatment of mild acne includes experts prescribed gels, soaps, cleansers, lotions. Chemicals include azelaic acid, salicylic acid, Retin-A, Resorcinol, and benzoyl peroxide, which are helpful. 

Honey cinnamon masks, apple cider vinegar, Green tea, tree tea oil, Aloe Vera are some home remedies. 

In severe cases, corticosteroid injections, oral antibiotics, oral contraceptives, topical antimicrobials, and isotretinoin are frequent treatments.

2.      Shingles

Shingle is a viral infection characterized by a red, blistering rash. When the virus enters your body, at first it causes chickenpox. After chickenpox continues for a time, the virus remains inactive in nerve tissues near the spinal cord. After several years, that virus may become active resulting in shingles. 

It can appear anywhere on the body.

Treatment

The use of antiviral medicine is frequent to slow down the progress of shingles rash.  Zostavax, Shingrix are vaccines to prevent shingles.

Home remedies include cold baths, wet, cool compress, cornstarch paste and baking soda, soothing lotions, and creams. Dietary resources that contain vitamins A, B-12, c, and E and the amino acid lysine are advised.      

3.      Eczema

In eczema, the skin becomes inflamed and irritated. Usually, most common forms of it are seen in infants. The exact cause of the disease is still unknown, but beliefs are that it may involve genetics, environmental, and immune problems.

It can appear on the face, hands, feet, or in the folds and creases of the skin.    

Treatment

A treatment plan based on an individual’s age is suggested. Medication includes antifungal and antiviral medicines, antihistamines, and phototherapy (UV A or B).

Home remedies include lukewarm baths, moisturizers, wearing soft fabric and cotton clothes, use of non-soap cleansers or mild soaps.

4.      Hives

Hives are out brake of pale red, swollen plaques or bumps that suddenly appears. They can appear anywhere on the skin. When an allergic reaction occurs, the body releases a protein called histamine. Histamine (blood plasma) leaks out of small blood vessels in the skin form hives.

They can appear anywhere on the skin.

Treatment

Non-tranquilizer antihistamine medicines are often prescribed.

For chronic hives, antibiotics are suggested, such as Dapsone; it reduces redness and swelling. 

Home remedies that are effective in treating mild hives are the use of cold compress, Aloe Vera, Calamine lotion, over-the-counter antihistamines.

5.      Sunburns

Sunburns occur after too much exposure to UV light. The skin turns, painful, red, and may even flake away. Sometimes blisters, fevers, and chills also occur. Repeated sunburns may lead to skin cancer later.

Treatment

Treatment includes cold baths, Aloe Vera, soothing moisturizers, drink plenty of water, take pain relievers, the use of sunscreens, and protection from further sun exposure.

Anti-inflammatory drugs are often used to relieve pain and inflammation. Specific antibiotic sunburn creams are required only in case of severe blistering.

The Bottom Line

Learn to perform daily skin self-checks. Immediately visit a doctor in case of severity. Now you are aware of common skin problems and their treatments, from now on have healthy clean skin easily. Do not use or apply anything without an expert’s concern.

About the author

Asif Ali

Asif Ali is an aspiring writer from Pakistan. He loves writing about health & fitness and all the latest lifestyle trends.

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